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European Wildcat

Felis silvestris silvestris

Very similar to the domestic cat. A bit heavier and larger (2-7kg). Dark thick body stripes with no white patches. Thick bushy tail, with black stripes and black tip.

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Nocturnal and solitary, with a highly territorial nature. Territories are marked with urine and faeces deposited on landscape features such as boulders and tree trunks. Dens (within old tree roots, rocky crevices and old badger setts) are used during the day or bad weather.

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UK Status

Wildcats are currently now only found in Scotland, but not found on Scottish islands. They were once common throughout the UK, but have been driven to extinction slowly since the 16th century.

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Hybridization with feral domestic cats is the biggest threat to current Scottish wildcat populations. Additionally, feral domestic cats also outcompete and transmit diseases to wildcats. Active persecution is also a problem, even though illegal in Scotland, non-specific predator control (e.g. snares) in Europe has resulted in population declines. Habitat loss has been a factor, pushing the small populations into further remote areas. However wildcats can do well in agricultural areas, preying on the increased rodent numbers, although these areas are usually associated with high populations of feral domestic cats as well.


The wildcat is found throughout Africa, Europe, and south and central Asia. There are four major subspecies or groups which are distinct geographically. The European wildcat was widespread throughout Europe, and began declining between the 1700-1900s.


Inhabits a range of habitats, ranging from deserts and scrub, to dry and mixed forest. In Scotland, their key habitats are woodlands, and upland moorland areas.


Rabbits and other small mammals are their main prey. Birds, invertebrates, reptiles and carrion are also taken, but less often.


Our animals are a part of the national captive breeding programme and Wildwood has a long successful history of breeding the species. Wildwood is keen to be a key contributor to reintroducing the wildcat back into the wild in the UK. For more information on our Wildcat Captive breeding and Research, please visit our conservation page.

Did you know?

Due to their ferocious nature, they are commonly known as the “Highland Tiger”.

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